The Ultimate Guide to Knife Blade Types for EDC, Self-Defense, and more!

Aside from being very useful kitchen tools, knives are also handy outdoors. They’re great for hunting, EDC, and self-defense tools, especially for close combat. But, there are so many blade types it’s hard to know which to go with. So, we’re breaking down the pros and cons of the popular knife blade types to help you decide on your next blade.

Knife Blade Types

Normal Blade/Straight Back Blade

A normal blade or straight back blade has a curved edge and a dull, flat spine. This kind of knife is great for chopping or slicing because you can apply pressure to the spine for more leverage. This is a great feature common on tactical knives and applications meant for survival or camping.

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KA-BAR Full Size US Marine Corps Fighting Knife, Straight
  • Edge Angles - 20 Degrees
  • Overall length 11.875 inches
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Drop-Point Blade

Kershaw scallion drop point blade knife

A drop-point knife is usually used for hunting. A drop-point blade slopes on the spine from the handle to the tip with the curve on the top in a convex style. The spine is also stronger and thicker to continue forward to the tip of the blade. This way the point is also aligned with the center axis of the knife, eliminating any pitch momentum when stabbing.

This is a good all-purpose shape that excels at stabbing and can still cut and skin well also.

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COLUMBIA RIVER KNIFE & TOOL Compact Fixed Blade Knife: Minimalist...
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Outdoor Edge 3.0" RazorSafe Replacement Drop-Point Knife Blades, 6...
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Clip-Point Blade

A clip-point blade has its front part “clipped” off. The clipped part can be straight or concave. A clip-point blade can usually be found on knives used for tasks that require precision but not on tactical knives. 

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Smith & Wesson Accessories Extreme Ops SWA24S 7.1in S.S. Folding Knife...
  • Dimensions: 7.1 Inch (18 Cm) Overall Length With A Blade Length Of 3.1 Inches (7.9 Cm) And A Weight Of 3.5 Ounces
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Cold Steel Recon 1 Folder Clip Pt. 4In Bold 9-3/8In Overall Folding...
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Needle-Point Blade

A needle-point blade or a dagger blade has a weak point that can break on tough targets and has no cutting edge for slicing. It has an extremely thin and sharp point that pierces soft targets effectively.

Spear-Point Blade

A spear-point blade is almost similar to a needle-point blade but with a more defined and sharper edge that’s great for slicing. Both edges of the blade are symmetrical and can both be sharpened. Spear-point blades are often found on throwing knives. 

Tanto Blade

The tanto blade is designed based on the sword used by samurais during Japan’s feudal period. The word “tanto” is a Japanese sword that means “short sword.” A tanto blade has a flat grind and a sharp, reinforced point, resulting in excellent penetrating power. These features make the tanto good for stabbing and therefore effective in combat.

SaleBestseller No. 1
Cold Steel Recon Tanto Fixed Blade Knife with Sheath, SK-5 Steel, 7.0"...
  • DEVELOPED AND REFINED: Through our pioneering research, this blade shape has proven the value of the "American Tanto" style reinforced point beyond question
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Grand Way Japanese Fixed Blade Tanto Knife with Sheath – 5,9"...
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  • 𝗧𝗔𝗡𝗧𝗢 𝗞𝗡𝗜𝗙𝗘 𝗪𝗜𝗧𝗛 𝗟𝗔𝗥𝗚𝗘 𝗙𝗜𝗫𝗘𝗗 𝗕𝗟𝗔𝗗𝗘: Full tang construction, ensuring its strength, durability, and providing...

Sheepsfoot Blade

A sheepsfoot blade comes with a straight, sharp edge and a dull spine. These sides run parallel with then sharply curve down towards the point, creating a 60° to 90° blade tip. Because of its dull spine, a sheepsfoot blade is great for slicing and cutting tasks that require better control of the blade. These blades can be fixed or folded and can be single bevel or double bevel. 

These are great for campsite food prep.

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mam Operario Linerlock Sheepsfoot
93 Reviews
mam Operario Linerlock Sheepsfoot
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CRKT LCK + Folding Pocket Knife: Folder with Liner Lock, Black Plain...
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Hawkbill Blade/Talon

A hawkbill blade is shaped in a sharp downward curve like a hawk’s bill. The blade’s outer curve is dull while its inner curve is the cutting edge. Hawkbill knives are often used as tactical weapons because their extremely sharp point makes them great for piercing even if the spine isn’t sharpened.

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Old Timer 216OT Hawkbill Pruner 7in Traditional Folding Pocket Knife...
382 Reviews
Old Timer 216OT Hawkbill Pruner 7in Traditional Folding Pocket Knife...
  • DIMENSIONS: 7 inches (17.8 cm) overall length with a blade length of 3 inches (7.6 cm) and a weight of 4.1 ounces
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Klein Tools 44218 Utility Knife, Lockback Electricians Knife and...
3,463 Reviews
Klein Tools 44218 Utility Knife, Lockback Electricians Knife and...
  • This folding utility knife features a heavy-duty hawkbill blade that is easily replaceable to eliminate the need for sharpening
  • Handle has rubberized grip and release lever for lockback mechanism

Wharncliffe Blade

A Wharncliffe blade is short but very thick and durable with a highly defined point. It has a straight edge and its spine is convex-shaped and slopes down from its apex halfway along the blade towards the point.

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CIVIVI Pocket Knife - Elementum Folding Knife with 2.97'' Nitro-V...
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Recurve

A recurve blade has an edge that curves inward like an elongated S. Recurve knives are excellent for cutting objects with rounded surfaces, for cutting sticks or branches, and for cutting rope.

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GPP 12PK Steel Screw Archery Broadheads 3 Edges 125 Grain for Hunting...
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Smith & Wesson Black Ops Recurve 8in S.S. Assisted Opening Knife with...
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Reverse Tanto

Gerber multiplier reverse tanto knife

As the name implies, a reverse tanto is a flipped version of the tanto blade. Its spine meets the edge in a straight, downward manner, while the edge is curved upwards. This design gives it better penetration, making it more effective for stabbing.

As you can see in the picture above, knife designers often mix and blend styles to achieve benefits from multiple types.

Trailing Point Blade

The trailing point blade has a tip that curves upwards and higher than the knife’s spine. The tip is also significantly thinner than the blade’s body so it breaks easily when used on hard objects. Trailing point blades are used for skinning, slicing, and other delicate cutting tasks.

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KUBEY Scimitar KU231 10.4in Fxied Blade Hunting Knives with 5.4in...
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Spey Point Blade

A spey point blade was originally designed to neuter farm animals. It features a blunt point that prevents the user from accidentally jabbing the surface. This type of blade is great for making clean cuts.

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Uncle Henry Next Gen Staglon 807UHCP JR 3-Blade 4.8in Folding Knife...
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Old Timer 8OT Senior 6.9in S.S. Traditional Folding Knife with 3in...
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Gut Hook

A gut hook blade is usually used by hunters to skin downed game. It has a sharp and curved tip that resembles a hook. This hook is extremely helpful in making long, straight cuts while opening an animal’s body without piercing the lining of the tender belly.

Personally, I do this work with a skinning or caping knife instead of switching to a special blade just for convenience. But for bigger jobs, these can really come in handy.

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Maxam Gut Hook & Sheath - Hunting Knife for Gutting & Skinning Deer,...
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Bestseller No. 2
Gerber Gear Vital Zip [31-002745], Orange
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Conclusion

Consider each blade type carefully especially if you’ll be using it for your EDC because there might be instances when your task or even your life will depend on it. Always keep your blade clean because no matter how sharp it is, it will get dull or rusty if not cared for properly.

If you’re looking for an axe for competitions or just a friendly throwing party with friends, you’ll love the best throwing tomahawks.

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Last update on 2024-02-05 / Images from Amazon Product API